Adaptive governance for ecosystem: A case of mangrove forests in Sindh coastal region of Pakistan

Mr Muhammad Mumtaz1

1Getulio Vargas Foundation, Brazil, Sao Paulo, Brazil

This study is conducted to understand the adaptation strategies to preserve ecosystem by looking the case of mangrove forests in Sindh coastal region of Pakistan.  The Sindh coastal region is located in the southeastern part of the country and is about 350 km long. This region is a home of mangroves forests. Mangroves provide breeding ground for variety of fish, shrimps, crabs and other invertebrates.  However, the mangroves forests are seriously under threat due to climate change and human unplanned activities in the region. It is imperative to maintain the forests so as to counter the negative impacts of climate change effectively.

This study focuses to explore the governance strategies to preserve mangroves forests in the region. Moreover, it identifies the governance challenges and hurdles to address the issue of mangroves forests in the regions.

The federal and provincial governments established climate change policies with a focus to address the challenge of mangroves forests.  The study found that some adaptation initiatives are taken place in the region: launching a massive level awareness campaigns to educate public the importance of these mangroves forests, to establish new mangrove nurseries, to keep eyes on land grabbers, and set a fund to maintain and manage these forests. Some other governance steps and sustainable solution are also initiated. The major hurdles are identifies in the form of weak institutional capacity, lack or research and innovations to tackle the challenge, lack of coordination among the related departments, and financial constraints.


Muhammad Mumtaz is a PhD Research Fellow in Public Administration and Government at the Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV), Brazil. The FGV is a Brazilian based research institute and is the best institute in South America and it is ranked one of the top 10 Think Tanks in the world. He remained a PhD Visiting Scholar at University of Delaware USA.

Mr. Mumtaz has multidisciplinary academic background. His M.Phil degree is in Government and Public Policy from National Defence University Islamabad while his Master is in Public Administration from University of Peshawar, Pakistan. He has done his undergrad in Statistics and Mathematics.

His area of research is climate change and adaptive governance at subnational level. His PhD study investigates climate adaptation governance at subnational level in developing countries with special focus on Pakistan. Mumtaz has been produced various academic papers and research studies in his research area. He has represented Pakistan on many International forums where climate change governance and policy implementations remained focus. Moreover, he is a freelance writer for many newspapers and magazines. He writes regularly on multiple issues including climate change. Adding further to his diverse background and interests, Mr. Mumtaz is a social activist and has keen interest in sustainable development.

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