|

The importance of understanding intraspecific behavioral variation in migratory fishes and its impact on the adaptability of these fishes to climate change

AC Winkler, AR Childs1, M Parkinson1, M Roberts, C Santos, Professor Warwick Sauer1, Professor Warren Potts1 1Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa, 2Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark Intraspecific behavioral variation is common throughout numerous animal taxa being referred to using a multitude of terms such as “partial migration” or the “contingent theory” in order…

|

Rabbitfishes have come south-under: range-expansion and habitat associations of tropical herbivorous fish in temperate ecosystems of Western Australia

Mr Salvador Zarco Perello1, T Wernberh1, T Langlois1, M Vanderklift2, Tom Holmes3 1School of Biological Sciences and UWA Oceans Institute, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia, 2Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), Crawley, Australia, 3Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions (DBCA), Kensington, Australia As ocean temperatures rise and the transport of warm waters…

The under-appreciated role of C4 grasses in Mediterranean shrubland – grassland transitions

1982 VERNON VISSER1,2, Prof Res Altwegg1, Prof Adam West3, Ms Michelle Louw1,3, Ms Tshepiso Mafole1,3 1SEEC, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, 2African Climate and Development Initiative (ACDI), University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, 3Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa It is fairly well established now that…

|

Varying effects of global warming on schistosomiasis and intermediate host snails species.

Anna-Sofie Steensgaard Little is currently known about the exact outcome of climate change effects on schistosomiasis, a disease caused by a snail-borne blood fluke that affects more than 250 million people mainly in tropical and subtropical countries. Many different species of parasites and snail host are involved in the disease transmission, and the effects of…

Impacts of climate change on the community compositions and diversity of the world’s terrestrial birds

Dr Alke Voskamp1 1Senckenberg Biodiversity And Climate Research Centre, Frankfurt, Germany Climate change is a major threat to biodiversity and impacts on species distributions are already evident across a wide array of taxa. Species have been found to typically shift their ranges towards higher latitudes and altitudes, but species’ abiotic tolerances and dispersal abilities can…

|

Future recovery of baleen whales is imperiled by climate change

Chris Brown3, Richard  Matear5, Éva E.  Plagányi2, Anthony J.  Richardson2,4, Viv Tulloch1,2,3 1ARC Centre of Excellence in Environmental Decisions, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia, 2CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Queensland BioSciences Precinct (QBP), St Lucia, Australia, 3Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith University, Nathan, Australia, 4Centre for Applications in Natural Resource Mathematics, School of Mathematics and Physics,…

Uphill plant range expansions drive soil carbon loss in warming alpine ecosystems

Dr Tom W. N. Walker1,2, Mr Emmanuel L. F. Carino2, Dr Konstantin Gavazov3, Dr Thomas Guillaume2,3, Dr Pierre Mariotte2,3, Dr Constant Signarbieux2,3, Professor Alexandre Buttler2,3, Professor Jake M. Alexander1 1Department of Ecology & Evolution, Université De Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland, 2Ecological Systems Laboratory, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland, 3Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow…

|

The distribution of a coastal resident fish species is constrained by how oxygen availability and temperature limit its metabolic potential

AE Bates3, MI Duncan1,2, NC James2, Professor Warren Potts1 1Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa, 2South African Institute of Aquatic Biodiversity, Grahamstown, South Africa, 3Department of Ocean Sciences, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, Canada Anthropogenic induced climate change is modulating the redistribution of species across the globe at accelerated…

|

Is the future-proofing of biodiversity conservation an unattainable oxymoron?

Dr Bruce Webber1,7,8, Dr Sean Tomlinson3,5, Dr Erin Espeland2, Dr Lewis Halsey4, Dr Emma Dalziell3,5, Dr Carole Elliot3,7, Dr Wolfgang Lewandrowski3,7, Dr Belinda Davis3, Dr Adam Munn6, Dr Paul Nevill5, Dr Elizabeth Sinclair3,7 1CSIRO, Floreat, Australia, 2USDA, Sidney, USA, 3DBCA, Kings Park, Australia, 4University of Roehampton, London, UK, 5Curtin University, Perth, Australia, 6The University of…

|

Marine perspectives on protected area planning for climate change

Dr Lee Hannah The marine realm poses unique challenges in protected area adaptation to climate change.  Marine species move more and faster in response to climate change and the biogeography of marine species is still far behind that of terrestrial species.  But the marine realm provides unique opportunities as well, such as mobile Marine Protected…