Promoting adaptation to climate change in marine spatial planning

Dr Catarina Frazão-Santos1,2, S Garcia-Morales1, Dr Francisco Andrade1, T Agardy3, L Crowder4, M Barange5, C Ehler6,7, M Orbach8, H Calado9, H Otto-Pörtne10, E Gissi11, Dr Rui Rosa1

1MARE-Marine and Environmental Sciences Center, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal, 2NOVA School of Business and Economics, NOVA University of Lisbon,, Portugal, Carcavelos, Portugal, 3Sound Seas, Bethesda M, , United States, 4Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University, Pacific Grove C, , United States, 5Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, Food and Agriculture Organizatio, Rome, Italy, 6Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, UNESC, Paris, France, 7Ocean Visions Consultin, Paris, France, 8Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham NC, , United States, 9MARE-Marine and Environmental Sciences Center, University of the Azore, Ponta Delgada, Portugal, 10Alfred Wegener Institute, Bremerhaven, Germany, 11Università IUAV di Venezi, Venice, Italy

Climate-induced changes in marine ecosystem services will lead to new potential conflicts among uses, as well as between uses and the environment. By managing these conflicts, while making the necessary trade-offs to foster a sustainable use of the oceans, marine spatial planning (MSP) will be affected by the overarching and evolving challenge of global climate change. MSP has spread globally over the past three decades being a topic of increasing importance in the scientific and policy realms, already under development in about 70 countries (45% of all coastal states). Moreover, the recent MSPglobal initiative launched by IOC-UNESCO set the intention to triple the area of territorial waters benefiting from MSP effectively implemented by 2030. MSP must properly recognise and adapt to climate change effects to thrive in a changing ocean. Here we systematise and analyse different operational approaches that can foster the integration of climate change adaptation into the MSP framework, such as dynamic ocean management, anticipatory zoning, adaptive management or just-in-time planning. We will highlight and discuss major costs and benefits of each approach in the light of the MSP context, aiming to support a sustainable use and conservation of the oceans and wider sustainability goals. We also analyse the need for, and benefits of aligning MSP and climate change adaptation policies. We argue that this type of information is key to support informed management decisions and policymaking regarding marine ecosystems and the services they provide.

Biography: To be confirmed

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