Impacts of “moving ecosystem services” on human uses of the ocean

Dr Catarina Frazão-Santos1,2, Dr Tundi Agardy3, Dr Larry Crowder4, Dr Manuel Barange5, Dr Charles Ehler6,7, Dr Michael Orbach8, Dr Francisco Andrade1, Dr Helena Calado9, Dr Hans Otto-Pörtner10, Dr Rui Rosa1

1MARE-Marine and Environmental Sciences Center, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal, 2NOVA School of Business and Economics, NOVA University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal, 3Sound Seas, Bethesda, USA, 4Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University, Pacific Grove, USA, 5Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy, 6Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, UNESCO, Paris, France, 7Ocean Visions Consulting, Paris, France, 8Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, USA, 9University of the Azores, Ponta Delgada, Portugal, 10Alfred Wegener Institute, Bremerhaven, Germany


Species range shifts and changing ecosystem services will significantly impact human uses and activities that take place in the ocean – from fisheries to aquaculture, marine and coastal tourism, or marine conservation, among others. While some human uses, such as fisheries or aquaculture, are likely to be globally more vulnerable (that is more exposed and less resilient) to the effects of climate-related drivers of change, other human uses, such as shipping or seabed mining, are likely to be less affected globally. Here we identify and highlight the expected impacts of eight main climate-related drivers of change, including species distributional shifts, in seven main ocean uses. As ocean uses have different social and economic importance for different nations and regions, the social, economic and cultural impacts of these global vulnerabilities will vary from place to place. We advocate that this type of information is key to support local ocean planning, management and governance processes, and thus key to support the achievement of wider sustainability goals.


Catarina Frazão Santos is an Auxiliary Research Scientist at the University of Lisbon (MARE) and at NOVA School of Business and Economics, in Portugal. She received her MSc in Ecology and Environmental Sciences, and her PhD in Marine Sciences from the University of Lisbon. Her research addresses ocean planning, policy and management, with a special focus on achieving sustainable use of the oceans in face of a changing climate. She has published in Nature Geoscience, Marine Policy, and other international journals, and received early career awards to support her research from ICES, the Luso-American Development Foundation, and the Portuguese National Science Foundation. Since 2015, she has been supporting the European Commission’s Research Executive Agency on the evaluation of proposals submitted to H2020 Programme, playing roles of Evaluator and Rapporteur (2015-2017) and Vice-Chairperson (2017-2018). She is the leader of a recently funded, three-year R&D project addressing vulnerability and adaptation of ocean planning to global climate change. Her internationalisation network is currently widespread over several countries (USA, Italy, France, Germany) and growing.

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